TJTJ7720 Theory in Information Systems (3 cr)
1) Philosophers' logical reconstructions for philosophical purposes and how they were confused with "real" theories in IS theory
2) The (once) received view of scientific theory and its impact on scientific theory in IS
2.1. Theories as laws in IS
2.2. Theories as inferential relationships in IS
2.3. Truth versus idealized accounts
3. Theoretical versus Empirical
3.1. Theoretical versus Empirical in Philosophy of Science
3.2. Theoretical versus Empirical in IS
3.3. Problems of Requiring "Theoretical contribution" and the value of "Empirical" contribution in IS
4. The deductive-nomological (D-N) model of explanations
4.1. Basics idea, including explanation versus prediction, and Critique
4.2. D-N confusions in IS and why IS model of explanation is not D-N
4.3. IS and Covering Theory Model of explanations (CTM)
4.3.1. inductive-qualitative CTM of explanations
4.3.2 probabilistic-statistical CTM of explanations
5. Mechanism-based explanations (MBEs)
5.1. History of mechanisms-based explanations
5.2. Modern mechanism accounts as alternative to laws-based explanations
5.3. Common misunderstandings of mechanisms in IS.
5.3.1 why and how explanations and mechanisms
5.3.2 laws and causal confusions regarding MBEs
5.4 the ontic conception of explanations
5.5 Deliberate misrepresentations in MBEs
5.6 Naturalism versus critical realism in MBEs
6. On theory characteristics preferences in IS
6.1. Should there be a premium on IS specific theories?
6.2. Theory scope: why a wider theory scope is not necessarily better than a narrow scope?
7. Merton's middle range theories reconsidered and implications for IS
8. Mohr's variance and process theories
8.1. basic ideas and critique
8.2. How "process" or "variance" is different from MBEs
9. Stage Theorizing
9.1 what makes a theory a stage theory?
9.2. Is stage an empirical or theoretical?
9.3. stage as idealization
9.4. Discovering and testing stage theories
10. Hypothetico-deductive method
10.1 "H-D" in IS
10.2. H-D in the philosophy of science
10.3. why H-D in IS is not a H-D method?
10.4. hypothetico-inductive-qualitative method
10.5. hypothetico-inductive-statistical method
11. Inductive methods