# FYSS3300 Nuclear Physics (8 cr)

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## Description

Liquid drop model of the nucleus

Nuclear shell model and single-particle states

Deformed nuclei

Vibrational nuclei

Radioactivity: alpha decay, beta decay and electromagnetic transitions

Nuclear reactions

Interaction of radiation with matter

Nuclear fission and operation of a nuclear power plant

Principles of different particle accelerators

Basics of nuclear astrophysics

## Learning outcomes

On completion of the course, students will be able to:

use the semi-empirical mass formula and experimental atomic masses to calculate binding energies and separation energies

relate the terms of the semi-empirical mass formula to properties of the nucleon-nucleon interaction and the binding of nucleons in nuclei

identify a variety of experimental observables which indicate the need for a nuclear shell model

use the shell model to calculate the spin and parity of the nuclear ground state as well as to understand simple single-particle excitations and structure

use rotational and vibrational models of nuclei

use the radioactive decay law and apply it to real-world scenarios of radioactivity

use Q value systematics in beta decay in order to calculate log-ft values and identify the different transitions and how they can relate to the nuclear shell model

make relations between models of the alpha decay process and experimental alpha decay data

make calculations of electromagnetic transition rates using a simple model, compare the results to experimental data

calculate reaction rates in experiments given target thicknesses, cross sections and primary beam intensities

use the liquid drop model to describe the nuclear fission process

list the important ingredients of a nuclear reactor and calculate different parameters of operational reactors

describe how different particle accelerators work

understand the principle of astrophysical nucleosynthesis

## Description of prerequisites

A solid understanding of modern physics and basic quantum mechanics

Courses FYSA2001 Modern physics (part A), FYSA2002 Modern physics (part B), FYSA2031 Quantum mechanics (part A) and FYSA2032 Quantum mechanics (part B), are recommended.

Mathematical prerequisites: first order differential equations used for problems related to radioactive decay

## Study materials

## Literature

- K.S. Krane, Introductory Nuclear Physics

## Completion methods

### Method 1

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### Method 2

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### Teaching (8 cr)

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#### Teaching

##### 9/8–11/26/2020 Lectures

##### 10/16–10/16/2020 1. Midterm exam

##### 11/27–11/27/2020 2. Midterm exam

##### 1/8–1/8/2021 Final exam

### Independent study (8 cr)

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Self-study, possible exercises and examination.